Zone defense is different from man-to-man defense in that, instead of guarding a particular player, each zone defender is responsible for guarding an area of the floor, or "zone", and any offensive player that comes into that area. Zone defenders move their position on the floor in relationship to where the ball moves.
I began using the zone attack principles during station work: The principles for beating the zone are as simple and understandable as can be. They are in order of importance: Spacing; Player movement; Penetration; Ball reversal; Weak-side attack; High-low (& low-high)
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The two-three zone is the classic zone defense. It is based on the fundamental belief that five players can more successfully guard defined areas than they can specific players. It’s primary goals are to force the opposition to rely on their perimeter shooting to score points, and to goad their opponents into making careless mistakes as they grow more frustrated with the zone defense facing them.
The 2-3 zone defense is by far the most common zone in basketball and is more than likely the specific formation that will come to a coaches mind when they hear the term ‘zone’ relating to basketball. The 2-3 zone defense involves two players across the top of the zone near each high post; these players are referred to as the ‘guards’ (1 and 2), two players a step outside of each block; known as the ‘forwards’ (3 and 4), and a player in the middle of the key referred to as the ...
Instructions. This the original set on the 2-3 zone. The top two players will pinch towards the middle to stop dribble penetration. Pass to the Wing: Player 4 comes up to stop the outside shot and dribble penetration. Player 1 hustles over to the wing to guard the ball. Player 2 slides in front of the high post.
One principle to follow is to never let all five members and especially the back line of the zone to look ahead and see all five members of the offense. Keep at least one player positioned behind the zone at all times. This forces the back line to sink and opens gaps.
Defender 1 and defender 3 form the trap. Defender 2 slides over to slightly above the free throw line. He is anticipating a pass back to the top of the key or a skip pass to the opposite wing. Defender 5 takes a step out to try to anticipate a pass to the corner.
Flash Behind the Zone —Zone defenses are taught align themselves in relationship to the basketball. Often times all five zone defenders will be watching the ball. This allows the offense, usually from the weak side, to see gaps and open areas and flash into them accordingly. 6.